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The Solutions

WM411C.1  |  WM411C.2  |  WM411C.3  |  WM412C.1


WM411C.1
Double stud, installed between floors.

The WM411C.1 is a double metal stud system splitting up the performance characteristics of Knauf Exterior Wall onto two stud frames. The interior stud frame is constructed as a shaft wall, providing airtightness and protection against falling. The exterior stud frame is completed with intermediate cladding and provides weather protection and transfers wind loads into the primary structure. The basic system is constructed as a classical facade infill between the columns and floors of the skeleton construction and the space between the two metal stud frames is left blank resulting in a 20 mm air layer.

  1. UW-stud (min. corrosion protection C3)
  2. Steel angles (to be provided on site)
  3. CW-stud (min. corrosion protection C3)
  4. AQUAPANEL® Water Barrier
  5. AQUAPANEL® Cement Board Outdoor
  6. AQUAPANEL® Joint Tape (10 cm)
  7. AQUAPANEL® Joint Filler – grey
  8. AQUAPANEL® Reinforcing Mesh
  9. AQUAPANEL® Exterior Basecoat – white
  10. AQUAPANEL® Basecoat Primer
  11. Render fi nish (e.g. AQUAPANEL® Exterior Mineral Finish – white)
  12. Insulation board (thickness: 100 mm) according to local needs
  13. Gypsum board: Knauf Wallboard impregnated 12.5 mm (GKBI/H2)1 or similar
  14. UW-stud 50/40/06 (min. corrosion protection C3)
  15. CW-stud 50/50/06 (min. corrosion protection C3)
  16. Insulation board (thickness: 50 mm) according to local needs
  17. Vapour barrier: Knauf Insulation LDS 10 silk or similar
  18. Gypsum board: Knauf Wallboard impregnated 12.5 mm (GKBI/H2)1 or similar

1acc. to DIN 18180 and EN 520

Building perimeter: 58 m
Floor height: 3 m
Exterior wall surface per floor: 174 m²
Number of floors: 1    
Wall opening share: 25%
Opening surface: 43.50 m²
Net exterior wall surface: 130.50 m²

Based on a specific intended use and location of a building, the dead weight is the most important factor of the total loads, which can be influenced by planning. Basically, lower loads enable a leaner structure and thus significant cost savings.

The calculation of explicit cost saving amounts for load-bearing walls and ceilings as well as foundations achieved by the weight reduction when using Knauf Exterior Wall is generically not possible, since this is always to be calculated project specifically on the basis of floor plan geometries, spans and the load-bearing capacity of the building ground.

With a longer production time, considerable costs for personnel employment are involved. Additionally, a longer building process means a longer supply of building site facilities, where costs should be minimised. The efficient construction of Knauf Exterior Wall as well as the shorter drying times and the significantly lower weather dependency compared to massive constructions offer a considerable cost reduction potential and entails much less risk in the planning of the construction process.

*Figures are based on a study by Prof. Dr. Bert Bielefeld of the University of Siegen, Germany.
  All measurements use comparable U-values.    
***The time saved due to the immediate window installation is taken into account

By using Knauf Exterior Wall more space can be realised inside the building with a comparable thermal insulation value. Consequently, rentable space and resulting rental income are larger. For landlords and investors, the best possible use of the land area plays an important role. By using Knauf Exterior Wall, this area efficiency and land utilisation are significantly improved.

*Figures are based on a study by Prof. Dr. Bert Bielefeld of the University of Siegen, Germany.  All measurements use comparable U-values.
**Rental income based (in €/m² per month): €10.00   

The span table is used to show how the substructure needs to be dimensioned as a function of wind loads [kN/m²] according to national standards and the span widths of the profiles, which are determined (usually synonymous with floor height).


The substructure shown in the table comprises only the CW-stud 150/50/06. The fixing to the load-bearing structure is not considered. It is assumed that the profile is planked with a suitable board both sides (AQUAPANEL® Cement Board Outdoor on the exteriors and a gypsum based board on the interiors). An angle fixing of the profile to connect to the load-bearing structure is recommended in any case.


Please note: the table provides an indication for preliminary design purposes only. This must be subsequently verified by an object-related structural calculation, following the relevant local norms and guidelines. The choice of anchors and further fixing materials (e.g. angle fixing) to transfer the loads into the primary structure should only be made on the basis of this project-specific structural design.


Further profile solutions can be demonstrated by a simple proof of the fitness for use shown by a deformation limit of max. f = l/300.

Feature Value
Heat transition coefficient* Uw=U0+Uwb,
Profile (undisturbed wall, metal profiles are taken into account)
0.302 W/m²K
Thermal bridge heat transfer at slab edge
(linear thermal transmittance) Psi-value/Ψ-value
0.449 W/mK
Sound reduction index Rw* 59 dB**
Fire performance - (i↔o)

*Valid for a stud spacing of 600 mm and exterior profile web height of 100 mm
**Calculated with INSUL (v9.0.1)

*Valid for a stud spacing of 600 mm and exterior profile web height of 100 mm

WM411C.2
Double stud, installed in front of floors.

By front-mounting the exterior stud frame of the WM411C.2 system on L-metal profi les, a signifi cant amount of the insulation inside Knauf Exterior Wall is moved in front of the building fl oors. This solution signifi cantly reduces thermal bridges to a minimum, whereby the heat is reliably kept inside the building in winter and outside during the summer. Here the thermal performance is further enhanced by installing an intermediate layer of insulation between the exterior and the interior stud frame. That way a thermal performance of 0.216 W/(m²K) is accomplished, which is outstanding taking into account that the wall thickness is still only 245 mm.

  1. L-metal profile incl. anchoring device and decoupling from building
  2. UW-stud (min. corrosion protection C3)
  3. Steel angles (to be provided on site)
  4. CW-stud (min. corrosion protection C3)
  5. AQUAPANEL® Water Barrier
  6. AQUAPANEL® Cement Board Outdoor
  7. AQUAPANEL® Joint Tape (10 cm)
  8. AQUAPANEL® Joint Filler – grey
  9. AQUAPANEL® Reinforcing Mesh
  10. AQUAPANEL® Exterior Basecoat – white
  11. AQUAPANEL® Basecoat Primer
  12. Render finish (e.g. AQUAPANEL® Exterior Mineral Finish – white)
  13. Insulation board (thickness: 100 mm) according to local needs
  14. Gypsum board: Knauf Wallboard impregnated 12.5 mm (GKBI/H2)1 or similar
  15. UW-stud 50/40/06 (min. corrosion protection C3)
  16. CW-stud 50/50/06 (min. corrosion protection C3)
  17. Insulation roll (thickness: 40 mm) according to local needs
  18. Insulation board (thickness: 50 mm) according to local needs
  19. Gypsum board: Knauf Wallboard impregnated 12.5 mm (GKBI/H2)1 or similar
  20. Vapour barrier: Knauf Insulation LDS 10 silk or similar
  21. Gypsum board: Knauf Wallboard impregnated 12.5 mm (GKBI/H2)1 or similar

1acc. to DIN 18180 and EN 520

Building perimeter: 88.1 m
Floor height: 3.5 m
Exterior wall surface per floor: 308.35 m²
Number of floors: 3    
Wall opening share: 33%
Opening surface: 305.26 m²
Net exterior wall surface: 619.78 m²

Based on a specific intended use and location of a building, the dead weight is the most important factor of the total loads, which can be influenced by planning. Basically, lower loads enable a leaner structure and thus significant cost savings.

The calculation of explicit cost saving amounts for load-bearing walls and ceilings as well as foundations achieved by the weight reduction when using Knauf Exterior Wall is generically not possible, since this is always to be calculated project specifically on the basis of floor plan geometries, spans and the load-bearing capacity of the building ground.

With a longer production time, considerable costs for personnel employment are involved. Additionally, a longer building process means a longer supply of building site facilities, where costs should be minimised. The efficient construction of Knauf Exterior Wall as well as the shorter drying times and the significantly lower weather dependency compared to massive constructions offer a considerable cost reduction potential and entails much less risk in the planning of the construction process.

*Figures are based on a study by Prof. Dr. Bert Bielefeld of the University of Siegen, Germany.
  All measurements use comparable U-values.

By using Knauf Exterior Wall more space can be realised inside the building with a comparable thermal insulation value. Consequently, rentable space and resulting rental income are larger. For landlords and investors, the best possible use of the land area plays an important role. By using Knauf Exterior Wall, this area efficiency and land utilisation are significantly improved.

*Figures are based on a study by Prof. Dr. Bert Bielefeld of the University of Siegen, Germany.  All measurements use comparable U-values.
**Rental income based (in €/m² per month): €10.00   

The span table is used to show how the substructure needs to be dimensioned as a function of wind loads [kN/m²] according to national standards and the span widths of the profiles, which are determined (usually synonymous with floor height).


The substructure shown in the table comprises only the CW-stud 150/50/06. The fixing to the load-bearing structure is not considered. It is assumed that the profile is planked with a suitable board both sides (AQUAPANEL® Cement Board Outdoor on the exteriors and a gypsum based board on the interiors). An angle fixing of the profile to connect to the load-bearing structure is recommended in any case.


Please note: the table provides an indication for preliminary design purposes only. This must be subsequently verified by an object-related structural calculation, following the relevant local norms and guidelines. The choice of anchors and further fixing materials (e.g. angle fixing) to transfer the loads into the primary structure should only be made on the basis of this project-specific structural design.


Further profile solutions can be demonstrated by a simple proof of the fitness for use shown by a deformation limit of max. f = l/300.

Feature Value
Heat transition coefficient* Uw=U0+Uwb,
Profile (undisturbed wall, metal profiles are taken into account)
0.216 W/m²K
Thermal bridge heat transfer at slab edge
(linear thermal transmittance) Psi-value/Ψ-value
0.324 W/mK
Sound reduction index Rw* 67 dB**
Fire performance EI30 (i↔o)

*Valid for a stud spacing of 600 mm and exterior profile web height of 100 mm

*Valid for a stud spacing of 600 mm and exterior profile web height of 100 mm
**Calculated with INSUL (v9.0.1)

WM411C.3
Double stud, KEW profile, installed between floors.

Knauf AQUAPANEL® has developed the high-performance Knauf Exterior Wall facade profiles 150, which represent the substructure of the exterior stud frame. These profiles, combined with the associated Knauf Exterior Wall Steel Angle 70x135/100, the Knauf Exterior Wall Screw 4.8x20 and an appropriate concrete screw (e.g. Hilti HUS-HR 6), enable a preliminary static design according to EUROCODE 3, which accelerates the planning process for architects and structural engineers, because it takes all elements of Knauf Exterior Wall into account including the anchoring means, which transfer the loads into the primary construction. Additionally these profiles offer the necessary space for 150 mm thick insulation panels resulting – in this WM411C.3 system – in a thermal performance of 0.185 W/(m²K).

  1. Knauf Exterior Wall Steel Angle 70x135/100 (min. corrosion protection C3)
  2. Knauf Exterior Wall Facade Profile 150 (min. corrosion protection C3)
  3. AQUAPANEL® Water Barrier
  4. AQUAPANEL® Cement Board Outdoor
  5. AQUAPANEL® Joint Tape (10 cm)
  6. AQUAPANEL® Joint Filler – grey
  7. AQUAPANEL® Reinforcing Mesh
  8. AQUAPANEL® Exterior Basecoat – white
  9. AQUAPANEL® Basecoat Primer
  10. AQUAPANEL® Exterior Mineral Finish – white
  11. Insulation board (thickness: 150 mm) according to local needs (e.g. glass wool, 18 kg/m³)
  12. Gypsum board: Knauf Diamant 12.5 mm (GKFI/DFH2IR)1 or similar
  13. UW-stud 75/40/06 (min. corrosion protection C3)
  14. CW-stud 75/50/06 (min. corrosion protection C3)
  15. Insulation roll (thickness: 40 mm) according to local needs (e.g. glass wool, 18 kg/m³)
  16. Insulation board (thickness: 75 mm) according to local needs (e.g. glass wool, 18 kg/m³)
  17. Gypsum board: Knauf Diamant 12.5 mm (GKFI/DFH2IR)1 or similar
  18. Vapour barrier: Knauf Insulation LDS 10 silk or similar
  19. Gypsum board: Knauf Diamant 12.5 mm (GKFI/DFH2IR)1 or similar

1acc. to DIN 18180 and EN 520

Building perimeter: 144 m
Floor height: 3 m
Exterior wall surface per floor: 432 m²
Number of floors: 9    
Wall opening share: 25%
Opening surface: 972 m²
Net exterior wall surface: 2,916 m²

 

Only one third of the building is shown. Assumption: 3 living units per floor at 240.83m² incl. hallway.

Based on a specific intended use and location of a building, the dead weight is the most important factor of the total loads, which can be influenced by planning. Basically, lower loads enable a leaner structure and thus significant cost savings.

The calculation of explicit cost saving amounts for load-bearing walls and ceilings as well as foundations achieved by the weight reduction when using Knauf Exterior Wall is generically not possible, since this is always to be calculated project specifically on the basis of floor plan geometries, spans and the load-bearing capacity of the building ground.

With a longer production time, considerable costs for personnel employment are involved. Additionally, a longer building process means a longer supply of building site facilities, where costs should be minimised. The efficient construction of Knauf Exterior Wall as well as the shorter drying times and the significantly lower weather dependency compared to massive constructions offer a considerable cost reduction potential and entails much less risk in the planning of the construction process.

*Figures are based on a study by Prof. Dr. Bert Bielefeld of the University of Siegen, Germany.
  All measurements use comparable U-values.

By using Knauf Exterior Wall more space can be realised inside the building with a comparable thermal insulation value. Consequently, rentable space and resulting rental income are larger. For landlords and investors, the best possible use of the land area plays an important role. By using Knauf Exterior Wall, this area efficiency and land utilisation are significantly improved.

*Figures are based on a study by Prof. Dr. Bert Bielefeld of the University of Siegen, Germany.  All measurements use comparable U-values.
**Rental income based (in €/m² per month): €10.00   

The span table is used to show how the substructure needs to be dimensioned as a function of wind loads [kN/m²] according to national standards and the span widths of the profiles, which are determined (usually synonymous with floor height).

The substructure shown in the table comprises a combination of the KEW profile 150, fixed to the KEW steel angle 70x135/100 with a KEW screw.

Please note: the table provides an indication for preliminary design purposes only. This must be subsequently verified by an object-related structural calculation, following the relevant local norms and guidelines. The choice of anchors to transfer the loads into the primary structure should only be made on the basis of this project-specific structural design.

Feature Value
Heat transition coefficient* Uw=U0+Uwb,
Profile (undisturbed wall, metal profiles are taken into account)
0.185 W/m²K
Thermal bridge heat transfer at slab edge
(linear thermal transmittance) Psi-value/Ψ-value
0.172 W/mK
Sound reduction index Rw* 73.8 dB**
Fire performance EI30 (i↔o)

*Valid for a stud spacing of 600 mm
**See test certificate PB SWW15 029

*Valid for a stud spacing of 600 mm

WM412C.1
Double stud, KEW profile, third-party rainscreen facade, installed between floors.

In this WM412C.1 system Knauf Exterior Wall facade profiles 150 are boxed in one another, providing the necessary support to allow for the attachment of cladding materials. The cladding is mounted to the AQUAPANEL® Cement Board Outdoor simply using a hat profile and because the required insulation is already installed inside the drywall, the advantages of drywall and rear-ventilated rainscreen facades are combined in a very thin construction of only 355 mm. With this solution the versatility of AQUAPANEL® Cement Board Outdoor becomes apparent: rather than simply being just a render carrier, it provides the basis for a wide range of decorative claddings, such as aluminium, granite stone and glass.

  1. Knauf Exterior Wall Steel Angle 70x135/100 (min. corrosion protection C3)
  2. Knauf Exterior Wall Facade Profile 150 (min. corrosion protection C3) – boxed
  3. AQUAPANEL® Water Barrier
  4. AQUAPANEL® Cement Board Outdoor
  5. AQUAPANEL® Joint Tape (10 cm)
  6. AQUAPANEL® Joint Filler – grey    
  7. Hat profile (to be provided on site)
  8. Rear-ventilated rainscreen facade system (to be offered by third-party supplier)
  9. Insulation board (thickness: 150 mm) according to local needs
  10. Gypsum board: Knauf Diamant 12.5 mm (GKFI/DFH2IR)1 or similar
  11. UW-stud 75/40/06 (min. corrosion protection C3)
  12. CW-stud 75/50/06 (min. corrosion protection C3)
  13. Insulation roll (thickness: 40 mm) according to local needs
  14. Insulation board (thickness: 75 mm) according to local needs
  15. Gypsum board: Knauf Diamant 12.5 mm (GKFI/DFH2IR)1 or similar    
  16. Vapour barrier: Knauf Insulation LDS 10 silk or similar
  17. Gypsum board: Knauf Diamant 12.5 mm (GKFI/DFH2IR)1 or similar

1acc. to DIN 18180 and EN 520

Building perimeter: 61 m
Floor height: 4 m
Exterior wall surface per floor: 244 m²
Number of floors: 2    
Wall opening share: 25%
Opening surface: 122 m²
Net exterior wall surface: 366 m²

Based on a specific intended use and location of a building, the dead weight is the most important factor of the total loads, which can be influenced by planning. Basically, lower loads enable a leaner structure and thus significant cost savings.

The calculation of explicit cost saving amounts for load-bearing walls and ceilings as well as foundations achieved by the weight reduction when using Knauf Exterior Wall is generically not possible, since this is always to be calculated project specifically on the basis of floor plan geometries, spans and the load-bearing capacity of the building ground.

With a longer production time, considerable costs for personnel employment are involved. Additionally, a longer building process means a longer supply of building site facilities, where costs should be minimised. The efficient construction of Knauf Exterior Wall as well as the shorter drying times and the significantly lower weather dependency compared to massive constructions offer a considerable cost reduction potential and entails much less risk in the planning of the construction process.

*Figures are based on a study by Prof. Dr. Bert Bielefeld of the University of Siegen, Germany.
  All measurements use comparable U-values.

By using Knauf Exterior Wall more space can be realised inside the building with a comparable thermal insulation value. Consequently, rentable space and resulting rental income are larger. For landlords and investors, the best possible use of the land area plays an important role. By using Knauf Exterior Wall, this area efficiency and land utilisation are significantly improved.

*Figures are based on a study by Prof. Dr. Bert Bielefeld of the University of Siegen, Germany.  All measurements use comparable U-values.
**Rental income based (in €/m² per month): €10.00   

The span table is used to show how the substructure needs to be dimensioned as a function of wind loads [kN/m²] according to national standards and the span widths of the profiles, which are determined (usually synonymous with floor height).

The substructure shown in the table comprises a combination of the two boxed KEW profile 150, fixed to the KEW steel angle 70x135/100 with a KEW screw (boxed construction of the profile is needed to carry the loads of the third-party rainscreen facade).

Please note: the table provides an indication for preliminary design purposes only. This must be subsequently verified by an object-related structural calculation, following the relevant local norms and guidelines. The choice of anchors to transfer the loads into the primary structure should only be made on the basis of this project-specific structural design.

Feature Value
Heat transition coefficient* Uw=U0+Uwb,
Profile (undisturbed wall, metal profiles are taken into account)
0.189 W/m²K
Thermal bridge heat transfer at slab edge
(linear thermal transmittance) Psi-value/Ψ-value
0.172 W/mK
Sound reduction index Rw* 73.8 dB**
Fire performance EI30 (i↔o)

*Valid for a stud spacing of 600 mm    
**See test certificate PB SWW15 029 (Impact of rear-ventilated facade construction is not taken into account).

*Valid for a stud spacing of 600 mm

Note: Please consult the local partner organisation of Knauf Aquapanel for more information on country-specific building requirements and legislation. Technical advice on this website is based on standard criteria.


WM111C.1
Single stud.

With a profile of only 142.5 mm and an installation time of 82 min/m², the WM111C.1 system is a straightforward solution for buildings with no remarkably challenging requirements for sound and thermal insulation and for regions with low seasonal differences in temperature and humidity. It consists of a single metal stud frame planked with AQUAPANEL® Cement Board Outdoor on the outside and with a double layer of gypsum boards on the inside. For rooms with special priorities such as water resistance, acoustic control or fire resistance, those interior boards can easily be replaced by high-performance boards from Knauf’s versatile range of wall linings.

    1. UW-stud (min. corrosion protection C3)
    2. Steel angles (to be provided on site)
    3. CW-stud (min. corrosion protection C3)
    4. AQUAPANEL® Water Barrier
    5. AQUAPANEL® Cement Board Outdoor
    6. AQUAPANEL® Joint Tape (10 cm)
    7. AQUAPANEL® Joint Filler – grey
    8. AQUAPANEL® Reinforcing Mesh
    9. AQUAPANEL® Exterior Basecoat – white
    10. AQUAPANEL® Basecoat Primer
    11. Render finish (e.g. AQUAPANEL® Exterior Mineral Finish – white)
    12. Insulation board (thickness: 100 mm) according to local needs
    13. Gypsum board: Knauf Wallboard impregnated 12.5 mm (GKBI/H2)1 or similar
    14. Vapour barrier: Knauf Insulation LDS 10 silk or similar
    15. Gypsum board: Knauf Wallboard impregnated 12.5 mm (GKBI/H2)1 or similar

    1acc. to DIN 18180 and EN 520

    Building perimeter: 135 m
    Floor height: 5.5 m
    Exterior wall surface per floor: 742.5 m²
    Number of floors: 1    
    Wall opening share: 50%
    Opening surface: 371.25 m²
    Net exterior wall surface: 371.25 m²

     

    Only a part of the building is shown.

    Based on a specific intended use and location of a building, the dead weight is the most important factor of the total loads, which can be influenced by planning. Basically, lower loads enable a leaner structure and thus significant cost savings.

    The calculation of explicit cost saving amounts for load-bearing walls and ceilings as well as foundations achieved by the weight reduction when using Knauf Exterior Wall is generically not possible, since this is always to be calculated project specifically on the basis of floor plan geometries, spans and the load-bearing capacity of the building ground.

    With a longer production time, considerable costs for personnel employment are involved. Additionally, a longer building process means a longer supply of building site facilities, where costs should be minimised. The efficient construction of Knauf Exterior Wall as well as the shorter drying times and the significantly lower weather dependency compared to massive constructions offer a considerable cost reduction potential and entails much less risk in the planning of the construction process.

    *Figures are based on a study by Prof. Dr. Bert Bielefeld of the University of Siegen, Germany. 
    All measurements use comparable U-values.
    ***The time saved due to the immediate window installation is taken into account.

    By using Knauf Exterior Wall more space can be realised inside the building with a comparable thermal insulation value. Consequently, rentable space and resulting rental income are larger. For landlords and investors, the best possible use of the land area plays an important role. By using Knauf Exterior Wall, this area efficiency and land utilisation are significantly improved.

    *Figures are based on a study by Prof. Dr. Bert Bielefeld of the University of Siegen, Germany.  All measurements use comparable U-values.
    **Rental income based (in €/m² per month): €10.00   

    The span table is used to show how the substructure needs to be dimensioned as a function of wind loads [kN/m²] according to national standards and the span widths of the profiles, which are determined (usually synonymous with floor height).

    The substructure shown in the table comprises only the CW-stud 150/50/06. The fixing to the load-bearing structure is not considered. It is assumed that the profile is planked with a suitable board both sides (AQUAPANEL® Cement Board Outdoor on the exteriors and a gypsum based board on the interiors). An angle fixing of the profile to connect to the load-bearing structure is recommended in any case.

    Please note: the table provides an indication for preliminary design purposes only. This must be subsequently verified by an object-related structural calculation, following the relevant local norms and guidelines. The choice of anchors and further fixing materials (e.g. angle fixing) to transfer the loads into the primary structure should only be made on the basis of this project-specific structural design.

    Further profile solutions can be demonstrated by a simple proof of the fitness for use shown by a deformation limit of max. f = l/300.

    Feature Value
    Heat transition coefficient* Uw=U0+Uwb,
    Profile (undisturbed wall, metal profiles are taken into account)
    0.486 W/m²K
    Thermal bridge heat transfer at slab edge
    (linear thermal transmittance) Psi-value/Ψ-value
    0.437 W/mK
    Sound reduction index Rw* 54 dB**
    Fire performance EI30 (i↔o)

    *Valid for a stud spacing of 600 mm and exterior profiles’ web height of 100 mm
    **Calculated with INSUL (v9.0.1)

    *Valid for a stud spacing of 600 mm and exterior profiles’ web height of 100 mm

    WM111C.2
    Single stud, KEW profile, ETICS.

    With the addition of an extra 80 mm thick layer of insulation to the system WM111C.2 by attaching an external thermal insulation composite system (ETICS) with an adhesive mortar directly on the AQUAPANEL® Cement Board Outdoor, an excellent thermal performance of 0.211 W/(m²K) can be achieved. Various desired U-values can be met by changing the thickness of the insulation. These mineral wool insulation panels are non-combustible, and as such comply with the highest levels of fire protection, guarantee an optimum room climate and additional sound insulation. Even additional fastenings with anchors may be waived depending on wind loads.

    1. Knauf Exterior Wall Steel Angle 70x135/100 (min. corrosion protection C3)
    2. Knauf Exterior Wall Facade Profile 150 (min. corrosion protection C3)
    3. AQUAPANEL® Water Barrier
    4. AQUAPANEL® Cement Board Outdoor
    5. AQUAPANEL® Joint Tape (10 cm)
    6. AQUAPANEL® Joint Filler – grey
    7. Adhesive mortar (e.g. Klebemörtel Pastol Dry)
    8. Thermal Insulation (e.g. MW Volamit 040, 80 mm)
    9. Reinforcing mesh (e.g. Armiergewebe 4x4)
    10. Reinforcing mortar (e.g. SM700 Pro)
    11. Render finish (e.g. SM700 Pro)
    12. Insulation board (thickness: 150 mm) according to local needs
    13. Gypsum board: Knauf Diamant 12.5 mm (GKFI/DFH2IR)1 or similar
    14. Vapour barrier: Knauf Insulation LDS 10 silk or similar
    15. Gypsum board: Knauf Diamant 12.5 mm (GKFI/DFH2IR)1 or similar

    1acc. to DIN 18180 and EN 520

    Building perimeter: 88.1 m
    Floor height: 3.5 m
    Exterior wall surface per floor: 308.35 m²
    Number of floors: 3    
    Wall opening share: 33%
    Opening surface: 305.26 m²
    Net exterior wall surface: 619.78 m²

    Based on a specific intended use and location of a building, the dead weight is the most important factor of the total loads, which can be influenced by planning. Basically, lower loads enable a leaner structure and thus significant cost savings.

    The calculation of explicit cost saving amounts for load-bearing walls and ceilings as well as foundations achieved by the weight reduction when using Knauf Exterior Wall is generically not possible, since this is always to be calculated project specifically on the basis of floor plan geometries, spans and the load-bearing capacity of the building ground.

    With a longer production time, considerable costs for personnel employment are involved. Additionally, a longer building process means a longer supply of building site facilities, where costs should be minimised. The efficient construction of Knauf Exterior Wall as well as the shorter drying times and the significantly lower weather dependency compared to massive constructions offer a considerable cost reduction potential and entails much less risk in the planning of the construction process.

    *Figures are based on a study by Prof. Dr. Bert Bielefeld of the University of Siegen, Germany. 
    All measurements use comparable U-values.
    ***If windows in the sand lime brick wall are not installed in the insulation layer, erection time savings increase to 50 days or 47%.

    By using Knauf Exterior Wall more space can be realised inside the building with a comparable thermal insulation value. Consequently, rentable space and resulting rental income are larger. For landlords and investors, the best possible use of the land area plays an important role. By using Knauf Exterior Wall, this area efficiency and land utilisation are significantly improved.

    *Figures are based on a study by Prof. Dr. Bert Bielefeld of the University of Siegen, Germany.  All measurements use comparable U-values.
    **Rental income based (in €/m² per month): €10.00   

    The span table is used to show how the substructure needs to be dimensioned as a function of wind loads [kN/m²] according to national standards and the span widths of the profiles, which are determined (usually synonymous with floor height).

    The substructure shown in the table comprises a combination of the KEW profile 150, fixed to the KEW steel angle 70x135/100 with a KEW screw.

    Please note: the table provides an indication for preliminary design purposes only. This must be subsequently verified by an object-related structural calculation, following the relevant local norms and guidelines. The choice of anchors to transfer the loads into the primary structure should only be made on the basis of this project-specific structural design.

    Feature Value
    Heat transition coefficient* Uw=U0+Uwb,
    Profile (undisturbed wall, metal profiles are taken into account)
    0.211 W/m²K
    Thermal bridge heat transfer at slab edge
    (linear thermal transmittance) Psi-value/Ψ-value
    0.028 W/mK
    Sound reduction index Rw* 56 dB**
    Fire performance EI30 (i↔o)

    *Valid for a stud spacing of 600 mm
    **Calculated with INSUL (v9.0.1)

    *Valid for a stud spacing of 600 mm

    Note: Please consult the local partner organisation of Knauf Aquapanel for more information on country-specific building requirements and legislation. Technical advice on this website is based on standard criteria.


    WL132C.1
    Rear-ventilated rainscreen facade, with thermal insulation.

    With classic rear-ventilated rainscreen facades in front of massive constructions such as brick or concrete, thermal insulation is separated from the weather protection materials ensuring a constant flow of air in the ventilated space to remove moisture from the building. The rear-ventilated rainscreen facade WL132C.1 with AQUAPANEL® Cement Board Outdoor is an ideal solution for new buildings or for renovations and upgrades. Capable of accommodating virtually any thickness of mineral wool insulation, it is able to meet even the most demanding energy standard. Moreover, because of the non-combustibility of the material, it is suitable for any height of building.

    1. Thermal separation element
    2. Aluminium bracket
    3. T-profile 100x50x2 mm
    4. Insulation board according to local needs
    5. AQUAPANEL® Cement Board Outdoor
    6. AQUAPANEL® Rustproofed Screw SB40
    7. AQUAPANEL® Joint Tape (10 cm)
    8. AQUAPANEL® Joint Filler – grey
    9. AQUAPANEL® Reinforcing Mesh
    10. AQUAPANEL® Exterior Basecoat – white
    11. AQUAPANEL® Basecoat Primer
    12. Render finish (e.g. AQUAPANEL® Exterior Mineral Finish – white)

    WL132C.2
    Rear-ventilated rainscreen facade, without thermal insulation.

    On projects where insulation is not required – typically during some purely cosmetic renovations – Knauf Exterior Wall can be used to create very thin rear-ventilated rainscreen facade constructions. In this WL132C.2 system the facade thickness in front of the existing massive wall is just 65 mm, making it the ideal solution in urban environments where limited space is a crucial factor in the decision for a particular construction. Additionally, the fast and easy installation and low weight of the materials guarantee a low impact construction site, keeping noise pollution and traffic interference to a minimum.

      1. Aluminium bracket (e.g. depth: 60 mm)
      2. T-profile 100x50x2 mm
      3. AQUAPANEL® Cement Board Outdoor
      4. AQUAPANEL® Rustproofed Screw SB40
      5. AQUAPANEL® Joint Tape (10 cm)
      6. AQUAPANEL® Joint Filler – grey
      7. AQUAPANEL® Reinforcing Mesh
      8. AQUAPANEL® Exterior Basecoat – white
      9. AQUAPANEL® Basecoat Primer
      10. Render finish (e.g. AQUAPANEL® Exterior Mineral Finish – white)

      Note: Please consult the local partner organisation of Knauf Aquapanel for more information on country-specific building requirements and legislation. Technical advice on this website is based on standard criteria.


      Timber construction has long been considered as suitable almost exclusively for small scale buildings – and mainly in rural areas. However, new system developments have expanded design opportunities across the whole construction sector. These include for building redevelopments using floor extensions in lightweight
      timber frame construction, as well as multilevel new buildings with a load-bearing skeleton construction.

      The benefits of timber construction include prefabrication and fast onsite assembly, together with the fact that timber is a natural, sustainable and renewable building material which serves as long-term CO2 storage (1 m3 = 1 ton CO2). Nor does it consume much grey energy in production and transport.

      Knauf Exterior Wall is an ideal and versatile partner for use in timber frames and on timber battens. The basic timber construction systems of Knauf Exterior Wall include a ventilated version and a non-ventilated option. In addition, an installation level for cables and pipes can be added on the inside. Also in timber construction, AQUAPANEL® Cement Board Outdoor remains the central component in the exterior wall construction.

      Providing a solid, dry base that can withstand extreme weathering, AQUAPANEL® Cement Board Outdoor can be fixed on the timber frame either directly or with a ventilation gap using AQUAPANEL® Rustproofed Screws or staples (e.g. Haubold). The system is then ready to receive a render or paint finish or further exterior cladding such as brick slips or tiles.

      WT121C.1
      Timber frame construction, single stud.

      WT222C.1
      Timber frame construction, single stud, interior installation level, ventilated.

      Note: Please consult the local partner organisation of Knauf Aquapanel for more information on country-specific building requirements and legislation. Technical advice on this website is based on standard criteria.


      WM422C.1
      Cocoon, prefabricated facade modules.

      The ETA approved Cocoon solution is a lightweight steel construction and has established itself as an easy building solution across a wide range of projects, especially those with complex 3D geometries. Combined with Knauf Exterior Wall with AQUAPANEL® Technology, many new and imaginative solutions for the building shell have become possible, including floor additions, new builds and structural extensions. At the heart of Cocoon lies a system of prefabricated cold-rolled light steel frames, called Transformer, which can be delivered just in time for final assembly at the construction site, minimising storage and building waste while accelerating construction of the building shell. Attaching Knauf Exterior Wall to this shell has many benefits, including the elimination of drying time and shorter, uninterrupted construction schedules, regardless of weather conditions. The net result is a significant cost advantage compared with traditional systems. Cocoon and Knauf Exterior Wall are particularly suited to modular constructions – such as in the health and education sectors – where provisional buildings are urgently needed for care and teaching.

      WM122C.1
      Cocoon, lightweight load-bearing steel-frame construction.

      The impressive load-bearing properties of Cocoon’s steel system mean that extremely lightweight designs can be achieved. This capability is further enhanced by using Knauf Exterior Wall with AQUAPANEL® Cement Board Outdoor, helping to make further savings in terms of materials, energy and costs compared with traditional methods such as reinforced concrete. Additionally, the slim steel frames and slim profile of AQUAPANEL® Cement Board Outdoor contribute significantly to space savings.

      While these advantages apply to new builds, they’re equally valid for extensions and reutilisations of buildings which – in Europe – account for almost 60% of construction. In addition to being economically and ecologically justified, the re-imagining of an existing structure is a cost-effective way of increasing space and the value of the property. Floor extension is a typical example of how Cocoon – in conjunction with Knauf Exterior Wall – provides an easy and cost effective solution. The low weight allows for floor extensions without any reinforcement measures of the existing structures. The system is especially suited to high rise buildings, where the non-combustibility of materials is mandatory.

      Note: Please consult the local partner organisation of Knauf Aquapanel for more information on country-specific building requirements and legislation. Technical advice on this website is based on standard criteria.